This infection can cause fever, diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, aches, and headaches.


Animals and Humans; It is present in many animals, but especially dairy products.

Transmission / Exposure Route

It is a zoonotic disease, so the bacteria are transmitted from animals to humans. It begins when a person ingests contaminated food. It moves to the intestines, then possibly in the liver or spleen. In healthy individuals, the bacteria usually leave the body through feces, as to not cause many health problems.

Case Fatality Ratio

In humans, there were no serious infections of Salmonella meleagridis. 

Incubation Period

Most Salmonella bacteria have an incubation period of 4 to 7 days.


A Gram negative, rod shaped bacteria. It is approximately 2-5 microns long. 

Enviromental Survival

It grows in a facultative anaerobic environment, so it can survive in a dry environment for weeks and many months in water. The optimum temperature is between 35-43 degrees Celsius. 

Dose Response Models

Route: oral (with eggnog), Response: infection


$$P(response)=1-[1+dose\frac{2^{\frac{1}{a}}-1}{N^{50}} ]^{-a}$$

Optimized parameters:
a = 3.89E-01
N50 = 1.68E+04
ID50 = 1.68E+04

Data from Other Sources

Read more:


by {{author}} On Global Water Pathogen Project


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NCBI Publications on Risk Assesment:

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